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» » CONCENTRATED SOLUTIONS OF HYDRATED FULLERENE С60

CONCENTRATED SOLUTIONS OF HYDRATED FULLERENE С60

CONCENTRATED SOLUTIONS OF HYDRATED FULLERENE С60

CONCENTRATED SOLUTIONS OF HYDRATED FULLERENE С60
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CONCENTRATED SOLUTIONS OF HYDRATED FULLERENE С60

Price: 450 USD
Quantity:


 10 ml C60FWS, containing fullerene С60 in the concentrations:   14.4 mg/l (20 µM/l)


                                                                 Two glass ampoules of 5 ml 

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We offer  10 ml C60FWS, containing fullerene С60 in the concentrations:   14.4 mg/l (20 µM/l)

                                                                 Two glass ampoules of 5 ml 

Concentrated water solutions of hydrated С60 fullerene (in abbreviated form - C60FWS) are molecular colloid systems of spherical fractal clusters, structural unit of which is strong, highly hydrophilic supra-molecular complex, consisting of С60fullerene molecule, enclosed into first hydrated shell that contains 24 water molecules: C60@(H2O)24 – hydrated С60fullerene (C60HyFn). 
The stability of the first closely linked hydrated shell is maintained by further ordered water shells. The size of C60HyFn is 1.6-1.8 nm. C60HyFn clusters (secondary associates) are formed by association of their hydrated shells. The sizes of such spherical clusters correspond to the following values: 3.4; 7.1; 10.9; 14.5; 18.1; 21.8; 25.4; 28.8; 32.4; and 36.0 nm.


The size of clusters depends substantially on the concentration of C60HyFn in the solution. The less concentrated solution, the smaller average size of the cluster. At C60FWS dilution there is a dynamic redistribution process of molecular structural units until establishment of the equilibrium state with certain dispersed distribution of clusters typical for these conditions. The process of equilibrium state establishment can last for a rather long period of time. It is determined that the concentration of C60HyFn, equal to 144 mg/l (200 µM/l) of C60, is one of the most optimal for long-term storage of C60FWS.


Solutions with concentration 14.4 and 1.0 mg/l (20 and 1.4 µM/l, correspondingly) are convenient for biological testing of small and super small doses of C60HyFn as at dilution of the solutions with concentration 14.4 mg/l there is fast subdivision of cluster structures, and at concentration 1.0 mg/ of C60 and less, in the solution the single C60HyFn exists as an isolated structure.


We produce three types of C60FWS, containing fullerene С60 in the following concentrations:
144 mg/l (200 µM/l), 
14.4 mg/l (20 µM/l),
1 mg/l (1.4 µM/l).

C60FWS are produced in the form of liquids sealed in glass ampoules of 2, 5, and 10 ml or in vials of 40 ml. It should be stored in a dark place at temperature from 3 to 40ºС. Shelf life is 2 years from manufacture date.
If necessary the ampoules with C60FWS may undergo sterilization at temperature 120ºС for 2 hour.

 

 


At the use of C60FWS, the recommended concentration range of hydrated С60 fullerene  in the final product is the following:
- in food substances containing water (drinking water, water used for cooking, alcoholic beverages, nonalcoholic beverages, etc.) – (0.1-10) х 10-3 mg/l;
- in cosmetics and perfumes (lotions, eau de toilette, eau de cologne, creams, gels, etc.) – 0.01-1 mg/l;
- in nutrient media for microorganism growth, in media for cultivation and storage of cell cultures, in liquids used during preparation of biological material for cryopreservation – 0.01-1.0 mg/l.

 

In addition, C60FWS may find wide application at development of new technologies and materials in physics, chemistry, biology, pharmacology, medicine, food industry, agriculture, cosmetic industry and veterinary medicine, as well as, in the whole, anywhere it is necessary to: 
- create products with unique, highly ordered structural characteristics; 
- use high-efficiency biological antioxidants and regulators of free radical processes.

 

Especially promising is the use of C60FWS as components or ingredients of solvents for already existing or newly developed medicinal preparations and vaccines.

 

Hydrated С60 fullerene, as its water solutions, is offered to use as standard (reference) samples and samples for comparison while testing other nanostructures and nanomaterials, including their toxicological characteristics and ecological safety.

 

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DISSOLVING FWS AMPOULES IN PURE WATER

(for preparation of 70-72 L of “fullerene water from 1 ml of FWS144 or 10 ml of FWS14”)

If you have received a concentrated solution of hydrated C60 fullerenes (C60HyFn) either as an

ampoule with 1 ml of concentrate labelled as FWS144 or as an ampoule(s) containing 10 ml of

concentrate labelled as FWS14, dissolve the ampoule(s) contents into 1 litre of distilled water (or water purified by reverse-osmosis, or additionally purified water).

To do this,

1) Take a clean (1 L) bottle, containing 1 litre of pure water.

2) Open the ampoule(s) by snapping off the thin part of the ampoule neck by first using the round

blade that is supplied to scratch out a grove on one side of the neck of the glass ampoule and,

3) With a clean medical syringe, transfer the concentrate from the ampoules to your 1 litre bottle.

4) The remainder of a concentrate which remains in the ampoule(s) and any remaining concentrate inthe syringe, should be wash out by small portions of distilled water from your I L bottle pure watersolution.

5) These washouts should then be added back to your 1 litre bottle.

6) Close the bottle securely with a cap.

7) Safely dispose of the broken glass from the original ampoules.

8) Carefully mix the contents of the (1 L) bottle by stirring, at least 40 times.

9) Afterwards, this intermediate "concentration" of (FWS 0.1) should to allowed to stand for at least 5days.

10) Further, using a clean medical syringe, take 15 ml of the intermediate "FWS 0.1" concentrate andfurther dissolved in a bottle with 1 litre of pure water.

11) Carefully mix the contents of the (1 L) bottle by stirring, at least 40 times.

You now have Recommendations for dissolving ampoules with FWS the required final concentration of C60HyFn (0.002 mg/L) analogous to our bottled version of “Water-with-Hydrated-C60-Fullerenes”or “C60Water-of-Life®” *.

 

Before use, it is recommended to store this final water solution with C60HyFn for 3-4 weeks, storing it in dark conditions at temperatures of 3-15 oC (37-60 oF). As a rule, the longer this "fullerene water" is stored, the better will its properties be (analogous to aging high-quality and expensive cognac).