Arterial hypertension is popularly known as high blood pressure problem. Blood pressure is the blood force which creates thrust within the blood vessel walls. If the blood pressure is detected too high, the heart has to work harder for blood pumping and exhaustion of heart may lead to permanent damage of organs and severe heart diseases like heart attack, heart failure, stroke, etc. Renal failure and aneurysm are also triggered by Arterial hypertension problem.
There are several triggers for induction of Arterial hypertension; some of the common reasons are obesity, role of rennin, sodium sensitivity, insulin resistance, sleep apnea, genetics, and age issue. Some other reasons for hypertension are renal hypertension, genetic problems, long-term use of certain drugs, Cushing’s syndrome, etc.
The worst part of arterial hypertension is that once it is induced in health system cannot be completely cured. Lifestyle modification, religious monitoring of the complications, suitable dose of medications, and proper diet and regular exercise etc. are the major factors related to hypertension treatment.
While other issues related to treatment of hypertension are quite easy to understand, life style modification is a complicated concept and it may have different implications on different patients. However, lifestyle modification clause hints at healthy lifestyle and a healthy life style includes several factors like controlling obesity, quitting the habit of smoking if any, taking fiber enriched diet, stringent restriction on alcohol consumption, reducing intake of sodium based foods, and indulging on free hand exercise like jogging, walking, aerobics etc to keep blood circulation proper and in healthy tune.
Apart for life style controlling process, there are some drugs which are commonly prescribed by the doctors as medicinal Hypertension treatment although the dose and manner of administration may vary from one patient to another.
Some common medicinal antidotes for hypertension are Alpha-blockers, Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, Calcium channel blockers, Diuretics, Beta-blockers, Renin inhibitors, Alpha-agonists, and combination of different medicines for providing medicinal support fir the patients.
Diuretics are considered as first-line medicinal therapy for the hypertension patients however, treatment of hypertension disease by diuretics largely depends on the physical condition of the concerned patient. For an example, ACE Inhibitors are often prescribed for the patients with history and complication of diabetes.
Hypertension treatment follow-ups play crucial role in long term treatment of hypertension. In this process, concerned doctors check and record different physical conditions of the patients and accordingly alter the medication schedule. Being monitored in every 2-3 months gap by a heart specialist will help a hypertension patient leading normal life as well as it lowers the risk of heart failure.